Accession Number:

ADA058384

Title:

Cognitive Processes in Planning.

Descriptive Note:

Working note,

Corporate Author:

RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Report Date:

1978-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

93.0

Abstract:

We propose a model of the planning process. Planning is the predetermination of a course of action aimed at achieving a goal. The model assumes that planning comprises the activities of a variety of cognitive specialists. Each specialist can suggest certain kinds of decisions for incorporation into the plan in progress. These include decisions about a how to approach the planning problem b what knowledge bears on the problem c what kinds of actions to try to plan d what specific actions to plan and e how to allocate cognitive resources during planning. Within each of these categories, different specialists suggest decisions at different levels of abstraction. The activities of the various specialists are not coordinated in any systematic way. Instead, the specialists operate opportunistically, suggesting decisions whenever promising opportunities arise. We present a detailed account of the model and illustrate its assumptions with a thinking aloud protocol. We also contrast the model with earlier models of planning and discuss implications for future research. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE