The Essex Program: A Study of the Effects of Underground Low-Yield Nuclear Weapons Employed in a Tactical Warfare Scenario,
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS
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Major objectives of the ESSEX Program were as follow a develop a means of simulating, with high explosives, the mechanical effects of low-yield nuclear explosions that occur at various depts of burst DOB, for various stemming conditions, and for various geologies b develop a means of simulating radioactive fallout and of predicting such fallout using a nonradioactive source c assess the barrier effectiveness of craters formed by low-yield nuclear weapons d identify those test geometries that minimize collateral damage without degrading to an objectionable degree the primary effects and e determine the vulnerability of generic classes of targets to the free-field explosion effects primarily cratering, ground shockmotion, and debris impact. The calculational and experimental programs have provided a dataknowledge base sufficient to develop quantitative conclusions relative to some of the objectives, and definable trends relative to the others.
- Nuclear Weapons