Work, Family and Career Considerations in Understanding Employee Turnover Intentions.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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An overview of the literature on employee turnover is presented. The review discusses, in turn, literatures related to work organizational, job and task, organizational impact on career, and organizational impact on family, as correlates of turnover. Little literature in the latter two areas was found, and it was suggested that few studies have concurrently investigated these three issues for their relative contribution to employee turnover intentions. To help specify the specific facets of work, career and family to be studied via survey methodology, a series of interviews was conducted. Based on the interviews and the literature review, a set of a priori factors defining each major category of interest was developed. Survey data were collected from a diverse sample of up to 1703 employees working in 140 different D.O.T. job codes, for many different organizations throughout the U.S. Respondents indicated both their perceptions and evaluations of all of the major issues. After appropriate factor-analytic data reduction strategies, correlational analyses supported the traditional findings regarding job satisfaction as a correlate of employee turnover. Satisfaction with organizational impact on the career and family were also significantly related to turnover intentions, although the relationship involving satisfaction with the organizations impact on the family was weak.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations