A Laboratory Study of Some Effects of a Realistic Task Preview.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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The effects of manipulating the realism of a task preview on affect, turnover or withdrawal feelings, performance, and ability-performance relationships were explored. A motivation-based hypothesis was presented suggesting that realism should have a main effect on performance and an interactive effect with ability, but only an hypothesis that realism approaches affect was supported. Post-hoc, turnover or withdrawal feelings were shown to be related to realism through affect. The realism manipulation concerned job content not context and varied on a general-specific continuum three conditions, N 36. Evidence suggested that contextual and specific job preview information may have their greatest effect on attitudes and that performance is best predicted from ability. Author
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations