Techniques for Monitoring the Environmental Effects of Routine Underwater Explosion Tests.
NAVAL SURFACE WEAPONS CENTER WHITE OAK LAB SILVER SPRING MD
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The Navy is required by law to minimize adverse effects on the environment in all of its activities and to monitor its operations to ensure compliance with applicable standards and regulations. This report presents the results of part of a continuing study of the environmental effects of underwater explosion testing, and covers the practical aspects of monitoring such tests on a routine basis. Possible techniques for monitoring the biological, chemical, and physical effects of underwater explosion tests are described, and the results of the evaluation of a limited number of possible methods are given. The funds and man-hours required for techniques at different levels of sophistication are estimated. It is concluded that simple inexpensive monitoring techniques are adequate for routine explosion tests. However, an extra person would be needed in the crew in order to accomplish the monitoring without adding appreciably to the time spent in the field.