Accession Number:

ADA053250

Title:

Shelters in Soviet War Survival Strategy.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.,

Corporate Author:

MIAMI UNIV CORAL GABLES FLA CENTER FOR ADVANCED INTERNATIONAL STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1978-02-01

Pagination or Media Count:

86.0

Abstract:

Blast shelter construction has been an important element of the Soviet civil defense program since the 1950s and has been assigned first priority as a measure for protection of the population in the 1970s. Soviet shelter designs vary according to their hardness, capacity, filter-ventilation system, location i.e., in basements or detached, and whether built in peacetime or in time of crisis. Various types of radiation fallout covers also exist, providing different levels of protection against radiation. Soviet shelters are equipped for long-term occupancy with regard to ventilation and temperature control, requirements for water and toilets, and food supply which, however, is limited in apartment house basement shelters. Analysis of open Soviet materials and information supplied by human sources indicates that the present Soviet ready shelter capacity in potential target cities is on the order of 50 to 60 percent, or sufficient for some 70 percent of the valuable element of the population, and that the annual shelter construction cost is on the order of 2 billion rubles. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Civil Defense

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE