Environmental Requirements for Simulated Helicopter/VTOL Operations from Small Ships and Carriers.
NAVAL AIR TEST CENTER PATUXENT RIVER MD
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HelicopterVTOL operations from ships create demanding flying qualities and performance requirements. The environment in which takeoff and landing evolutions must occur has a significant influence on these tasks. Aircraft and simulator designers, each in their own way, must make appropriate provision for environmental factors, such as visual landing aids VLA, ship motion, turbulence, relative wind, and ground effect. The paper discusses the specific requirements for the simulated environment to satisfactorily provide training for shipboard takeoff and landing. Test techniques to validate trainer fidelity in flying qualities, performance, and environmental simulation are discussed. The specific subject of calligraphic visual systems is extensively covered, including a report on the current state-of-the-art as related to the at-sea environment. Finally, the utilization of a high-fidelity trainer is explored for research as well as for expanded fleet training.
- Humanities and History
- Marine Engineering