Properties of Large Turbulent Hydrogen/Air Diffusion Flames.
Final rept. (Part 1), 9 May-30 Sep 77,
AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATES OF PRINCETON INC N J
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The prediction of IR radiation from large, turbulent H2air diffusion flames requires a detailed analysis of flame properties, including the effects of buoyancy. This report gives the methodology employed for analyzing such flames and the results of calculations on large flames. These and subsequent results have been used as input to the IR radiation calculations on the C-1 stack discussed in Part 2 of this final report. The model discussed herein treats the axisymmetric turbulent mixing of coflowing streams, including nonequilibrium chemistry, employing an eddy viscosity formulation. Comparisons are made between model predictions and the nonbuoyant laboratory H2air flame data. It is shown that centerline temperatures and species mole fractions can be predicted to good accuracy. However, the calculated rate of radial transport of energy and mass is greater than that measured in the laboratory experiments. The results of a series of parametric calculations on buoyant flames and comparisons with buoyant flame length data show that flame properties scale with nondimensional distance for Froude numbers Fr greater than about 1,000,000, buoyancy significantly affects temperature decay rates downstream of the location of maximum temperature after all the H2 has burned, and the predicted influence of Fr on buoyant flame lengths is consistent with the available data.
- Infrared Detection and Detectors
- Combustion and Ignition