Accession Number:

ADA052693

Title:

The Effects of Smoking on Peripheral Movement Detection and Time Estimation Performance

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1973-1976

Corporate Author:

SOUTH DAKOTA UNIV VERMILLION

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1977-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

10.0

Abstract:

Previous research has shown that smoking and nicotine may have an effect on visual functions. Several studies were conducted to determine if smoking and smoking deprivation would have an effect on the detection of movement by peripheral vision and to determine the effects of smoking and smoking deprivation on time estimation performance. It was found that under levels of low illumination, nonsmokers had a significantly larger peripheral field, that deprived smokers were better than smokers in detecting movement in the periphery of the visual field and that subjects on a velocity estimation task who had been deprived of smoking performed better than smokers. In a study concerned with relationships between nicotine level and performance, high nicotine smokers performed better on a movement detection task than low nicotine or deprived smokers. On a time estimation task, it was found that nicotine had some adverse effects but, under other conditions, actually improved performance. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE