Accession Number:

ADA052436

Title:

Fire Exposure Tests of Polyethylene and Fifty-Five Gallon Steel Drums Loaded with Flammable Liquids. Phase II.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.,

Corporate Author:

COAST GUARD RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER GROTON CONN

Report Date:

1977-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

102.0

Abstract:

Tests were conducted to compare the resistance of steel and polyethylene drums to fire exposure. Fire exposures were varied from 90 square foot fires completely engulfing the drum to 25 square foot fires exposed to one side of the drum. Lubricating oil, JP-4 aviation fuel, and ethyl ether were used in the drums to examine the effects of cargo volatility. The internal pressure, internal temperature, external temperature, temperature at the bung, time to failure, and mode of failure were recorded for each drum tested. The results agree with previous tests. Polyethylene drums fail by melting and collapsing into the fire. Steel drums fail by jetting andor exploding. The size of the fire had no significant effect on the time to failure for polyethylene drums and an effect could not be determined for steel drums due to inconsistencies in manufacturing. Both types of drums fail within the same length of time when loaded with cargos more volatile than JP-4. The polyethylene drums fail 3 to 4 minutes sooner than steel drums loaded with fuels in the volatility range of JP-4 or lower. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Containers and Packaging
  • Safety Engineering

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE