Temperature-Step Effects on Direct Measurement of Skin-Friction Drag.
Final rept. 1 Jul 76-30 Sep 77,
NAVAL SURFACE WEAPONS CENTER WHITE OAK LAB SILVER SPRING MD
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Wall-temperature discontinuities can occur in skin-friction balance tests whenever a balance drag element is thermally insulated from the surrounding test surface. An experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of such a temperature step on the local friction drag. A temperature step was produced by varying the temperature of the NSWC skin-friction-balance drag element above the temperature of the surrounding nozzle wall. Drag-element temperatures ranged from 100 K to 240 K with the surrounding wall maintained at a temperature of 89 K. Nominal Mach numbers were 2.9 and 4.9 over a unit Reynolds number range of 2.6 to 20 million per meter. The results show that the value of the measured shear stress is higher than the cold wall value for a drag element which is at a higher temperature than the surrounding wall temperature and the change in shear stress is proportional to the difference between the drag element and the surrounding wall temperatures. The data has been correlated and corrections to previously published skin-friction results are presented.
- Fluid Mechanics