Trainability of Abilities: A Review of Nonspecific Transfer Issues Relevant to Ability Training.
ADVANCED RESEARCH RESOURCES ORGANIZATION WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
Literature is reviewed on the question of improving general abilities through training on related but nonidentical tasks. Although little empirical information exists, some selected areas of nonspecific transfer are interpreted as supporting the idea that ability training is feasible. Appropriate paradigmatic areas investigated include early experimental memory training research, verbal and motor studies of warm-up and learning to learn, effects of practice variability and learning without a prototype, and applied and educational training. Strategies for transfer mediation are discussed and implications for nonspecific ability training are considered. Author