Mechanism of the Attenuated Cardiac Response to beta-Adrenergic Stimulation in Chronic Hypoxia,
ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MASS
Pagination or Media Count:
A bluntiung of the chronotropic and inotropic responses of the heart to beta-adrenergic stimulatin occurs following chronic exposure to hypobaric hypoxia. To pursue the mechanisms involved, observations were made in 6 intact, conscious goats at sea level and in another 6 goats maintained in a decompression chamber at 445 torr approximately 4,300 m for 10 days. No significant group differences in cardiac frequency and various indices of myocardial performance were demonstrable either before or after cholinergic blockade with intravenous atropine methyl bromide, 1 mgkg. Following hemodynamic studies, thoracotomies wer performed and full-thickness biopsies were obtained from the free wall of each of the cardiac chambers. Neither monoamine oxidase activity nor norepinephrine level of any region of the heart was altered by chronic hypoxia. However, a twofold increase P .001 in catechol 0-methyltransferase activity above sea-level values was found in both the atria and ventricles of the hypoxic animals. Thus, attenuation in cardiac responsiveness to beta-adrenoceptor stimulation in chronic hypoxia appears unrelated to the level of vagal activity, but may be attributable to enhanced enzymatic inactivation of catecholamines.
- Stress Physiology