The Effects of Underwater Sound on Marine Organisms - A Review.
NAVAL UNDERWATER SYSTEMS CENTER NEWPORT R I
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In response to an inquiry regarding the effects of underwater sound on marine biological populations a cursory review of available literature was undertaken. It was quickly discovered that only a limited amount of research has addressed itself to this problem. A fair number of papers, report studies of underwater sound on sharks and have been undertaken in an effort to discover a method of repelling or frightening sharks away from swimmers and divers. Other research has been directed toward the use of underwater sound for the capture of commercially important species of fish. Yet other studies have been oriented toward a more basic approach and have endeavored to increase our still incomplete and largely empirical knowledge of phonoreceptive mechanisms. The ensuing review is divided into four parts. Each part considers a few of the papers dealing with studies of underwater sound and their affects on fish, sharks, mammals and invertebrates respectively. For additional references to any particular phase of the subject material the reader is referred to the bibliographies of the particular papers cited here.