Fire Exposure Tests of Polyethylene and Fifty-Five Gallon Steel Drums Loaded with Flammable Liquids. Phase I.
COAST GUARD RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER GROTON CONN
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Tests were conducted to compare the performance resistance of steel and polyethylene drums to fire exposure both singly and in arrays using JP-4 aviation fuel and Acetone as flammable liquid cargoes. The internal pressure, internal temperature, external temperature, time to failure and method of failure were recorded for each drum type tested. Polyethylene drums failed by melting, burning or softening and then discharging their liquid cargoes under load pressure. Steel drums failed due to increased temperature of the steel and increased internal pressure causing the double rolled seam at top or bottom to unroll resulting in catastrophic failure of the drum by jetting andor explosion. Author
- Metallurgy and Metallography
- Containers and Packaging
- Marine Engineering
- Safety Engineering