Geomagnetic Activity: Dependence on Solar Wind Parameters.
STANFORD UNIV CALIF INST FOR PLASMA RESEARCH
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Current ideas about the interaction between the solar wind and the earths magnetosphere are reviewed. The solar wind dynamic pressure as well as the influx of interplanetary magnetic field lines are both important for the generation of geomagnetic activity. The influence of the geometry of the situation as well as the variability of the interplanetary magnetic field are both found to be important factors. Semi-annual and Universal Time variations are discussed as well as the 22-year cycle in geomagnetic activity. All three are found to be explainable by the varying geometry of the interaction. Long-term changes in geomagnetic activity are reviewed. Author