Task and Observer Skill Factors in Accuracy of Assessment of Performance
Final rept. 1 May 1974-31 Oct 1976
VIRGINIA UNIV CHARLOTTESVILLE
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A proposed measure of the perceptual organization of ongoing behavior was applied to the problem of operationalizing observer skills. Twelve experimental studies were completed. Evidence was obtained verifying that the proposed measure taps a low-level perceptual process, the subjective organization of action, and with a high degree of reliability. Further studies established that the resulting action units are true phenomenal partitions of observer experience, achieved by the discrimination of successive points of definition in the behavior stream. On the basis of these data, a conceptual model was proposed with specific, testable implications for the study of observer skill. Finally, the applicability of the model to accuracy of observer judgement was verified.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations