Accession Number:

ADA038375

Title:

The Relationship between Cohesiveness and Effectiveness in Small Isolated Groups: A Field Study

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Report Date:

1974-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

28.0

Abstract:

The relationship between cohesiveness and group effectiveness among groups of men at U.S. Antarctic research stations was investigated. Cohesiveness indices based upon positive intermember attraction were negatively correlated with incidence of emotional symptomatology within station groups, but were, for the most part, unrelated to supervisors and group members perceptions of performance. Indices based upon negative intermember attraction conflict, in contrast, were significantly related to perceptions of performance, particularly those of supervisors, but were unrelated to symptomatology. The differential importance of positive and negative intermember attraction for different aspects of group functioning was discussed, and the probable moderating role of task versus social-relations orientations in the cohesiveness-effectiveness relationship was suggested.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE