Person/Situation Selection Research: The Problem of Identifying Salient Situational Dimensions.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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A persistent problem in conducting personsituation selection research has been the identification of relevant dimensions or features of the situation. The usual strategy of asking organizational employees to respond to a set of predetermined questions as the preferred methodology for discovering relevant perceptual dimensions of organizational life is questioned and an alternative, the open-ended interview, is proposed. Sixty-seven employees were interviewed and taped and responded to a questionnaire. Fifteen interview content categories were identified and all interviews were coded for a mention of the issue frequency, b importance of the issue, and c affect with which the issue was raised. Interviews were reliably interrater coded only coding for affect converged with questionnaire responses. Only 4 of the 15 issues were mentioned by 60 percent or more of the interviewees.