Visual Elements in Flight Simulation
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC COMMITTEE ON VISION
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Some aspects of aircraft control depend on exterior view from the aircraft to the outside visual world. Training in these aspects of flight in a simulator therefore requires that the visual world be simulated to the extent that cues derived from it need to be employed by the pilot. There are a number of maneuvers that cannot be performed without direct visual contact under normal circumstances in commercial as well as in military aviation. The importance of including a simulation of the external world is now acknowledged. Unfortunately, there is currently no solid scientific basis for cataloging visual cues with respect to their importance in aircraft control. In consequence, current efforts to create appropriate visual simulations run the gamut from efforts toward almost complete replication of the visual world to highly schematized, two-dimensional perspective displays on cathode ray tubes. The report summarizes information gathered by working group of the NAS-NRC Committee on Vision and recommends research topics, techniques, and strategies that the working group agreed should receive more attention.
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