Predicting Eye Safe Separation Distances from Nuclear Detonations
Final rept. Jan 1975-Jan 1976
SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE MEDICINE BROOKS AFB TX
Pagination or Media Count:
Effects of retinal burns and flashblindness caused by eye exposure to nuclear flashes are reviewed, and mathematical concepts and equations used to predict eye safe separation distances SSD from low-altitude nuclear detonations are developed. A computer program using these concepts and equations has been prepared, and predicted results are compared with Operation Dominic experimental results. Effects on predicted SSD are shown for attenuation of the nuclear flash thermal energy by a B-1 windscreen and by sunglasses. Predicted SSD for both retinal burns and flashblindness, for day and night conditions, are shown for detonation yields from 0.01 to 10,000 kt for detonation altitudes of 1, 10, and 30 ktf and for visibilities of 5 and 25 naut. miles.