Effects of Job Experience on Personality.
YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CONN SCHOOL OF ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT
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Previous theory and research concerning job effects on personality are briefly reviewed. A new theoretical model is presented which proposes that individuals life orientations and levels of emotional well-being are influenced by the stimulus complexity of their job experiences. Hypotheses derived from the model are proposed for 116 engineers, scientists, and managers employed by a large petroleum products company. Five characteristics of employees jobs were measured using the Hackman-Oldham Job Diagnostic Survey. Longitudinal data were collected on four personality characteristics are measured by the Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey. Results of Analyses show that two personality characteristics Active Orientation and Freedom from Depression are influenced by several job characteristics. Implications for job design and career development are discussed briefly. Author
- Administration and Management
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations