Vehicles for Deep-Sea Research (Glubokovodnyye Apparaty Dlya Morskikh Issledovaniy),
NAVAL INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT CENTER WASHINGTON D C TRANSLATION DIV
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Research submarines may be of the following types a independent, with increased displacement of hundreds of tons and a satisfactory navigability, high speeds, adequate habitability and survivability, but a decreased maneuverability because of the comparatively high elongation of the hull which can operate independently, reaching the submersion areas on their own power or by towing, arriving at the operational site as part of expeditions and b with limited autonomy, a smaller displacement of several tons with small elongation of the hull, good maneuverability, and a crew of 2 or 3, but with a poor habitability and decreased navigability, speeds, range, and survivability which must be delivered to the submergence area aboard a surface research ship or a special carrier ship. The construction of independent submarines of increased displacement is more expensive than that of submarines of limited autonomy and smaller displacement however, this is substantially offset by the fact that the surface carrier ships should be provided with equipment for servicing small submarines or be constructed along with them as their carriers. A comprehensive study of the selection of vehicle types should be made in the future by using specialists conducting scientific marine studies in all directions, including fishing and the recovery of other products of the sea, as well as all areas of oceanology, underwater archaeology, etc.
- Submarine Engineering