Multiplier Offset Voltages in Adaptive Arrays.
OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS ELECTROSCIENCE LAB
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This report examines the effects of multiplier offset voltages in adaptive arrays. Multiplier offset voltages arise when active circuits are used to implement the error-by-signal multipliers required in an array based on the LMS algorithm. These offset voltages are known from experimental work to have a strong effect on array performance. It is first shown how multiplier offset voltages may be included in the differential equations for the array weights. Then their effect on weight behavior is studied. It is found that the offset voltages affect the final values of the weights, but not the time constants. Furthermore, the effect they have is influenced by the amount of element noise in the array. Ad adequate amount of noise is necessary to minimize weight errors due to offset voltages. An example is treated to show the effect of offset voltages on the final array weights and the output SNR. With offset voltages present, it is found that there is a maximum SNR that can be obtained for the array. A specific input SNR is required to obtain this maximum output SNR. Finally, it is shown that a finite operating range for the weights places further restriction on the acceptable values of offset voltages and noise. Author
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment