Second Surface Thermal Control Mirrors for Reflection Control. Volume I.
Final technical rept. Mar 74-Mar 75,
GENERAL DYNAMICS/CONVAIR SAN DIEGO CALIF
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This final report documents the results of a theoretical and experimental program to investigate ways to make second surface mirrors e.g., thermal control surfaces, composed of thin transparent materials such as fused silica and FEP Teflon with a reflective backing, which are used on space vehicles which are diffusely reflective but which retain the high solar reflectance of commercial specularly reflecting second surface mirrors. A number of designs were surveyed and four designs were fully evaluated. Three of these designs employed fused silica substrates with front or front and back surfaces ground with grinding compounds and then etched in a hydrogen fluoride solution. When suitably silvered on the back sides, these specimens met design goals. One of these designs employed a FEP Teflon substrate with front and back surfaces contoured by compression of Teflon sheet between quartz plates in a vacuum oven. When silvered on the back side, good diffuseness was obtained but solar reflectance was slightly degraded over the reflectance of commercial Teflon second surface mirrors. Author
- Unmanned Spacecraft