Hydrodynamic Damping and 'Added Mass' for Flexible Offshore Platforms.
CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING LAB
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The dynamic response of deepwater flexible platforms due to wind-generated ocean waves appears to be an important design consideration therefore, a theoretical and experimental study was made of hydrodynamic damping and added mass. Classical potential theory with linearized boundary conditions was used to study the hydrodynamic damping due to wavemaking and the coefficient of added mass on a vertical surface-piercing cylinder as a function of oscillation frequency, cylinder diameter, water depth, and mode shape. Experiments were conducted to verify the results of potential theory. Rigid vertical cylinders were oscillated with simple-harmonic motion in calm water. Total forces and radiated waves were measured. They compared very well with theoretical values. Other investigators data also verified the theory. A small experimental study was made in an attempt to verify the hydrodynamic damping implied by the quasi-steady drag-force interaction term of the presently used modified Morison equation to represent the drag force on an oscillating cylinder in waves. Damping was measured for an elastically supported circular cylinder in a steady current. The measured values were up to 4 times lower than the theoretical values. The disagreement appears to be that the experiments were outside the range for which the quasi-steady assumption is valid. Coefficients of added mass were also measured and were found equal to the potential theory value irrespective of the velocity of the current.
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology
- Fluid Mechanics