Debris Motion and Injury Relationships in All Hazard Environments
Final rept. Jun 1974-Jun 1975
DEFENSE CIVIL PREPAREDNESS AGENCY WASHINGTON DC
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This report contains the results of a study concerned with producing casualty injury and fatality relationships for people located in conventional buildings when subjected to man-made and natural disaster hazard environments. Emphasis is on the direct effects produced by nuclear weapons. Limited consideration is given to debris effects produced by a tornado. The key portion of this effort was concerned with selecting impact casualty criteria and developing a simulation model for people subjected to blast winds and debris. Portions of available literature dealing with impact casualties are reviewed and discussed. Impact casualty criteria applicable for evaluating casualties in a nuclear weapon blast environment are selected. A two-dimensional, articulated man simulation model developed herein is described. People survivability estimates for people located in conventional basements of multistory buildings subjected to blast effects of megaton range nuclear weapons are presented. Results are presented for full basements with one-way and two-way flat plate, flat slab reinforced concrete overhead floor systems and large VA basement volume to entranceway area ratios.
- Weapons Effects (Biological)