Decision Making Processes of Natural Dyadic Groups.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS
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Several theories concerning the process utilized by groupsindividuals to make a decision have been identified but not extensively tested in experimental research. These theories include optimization, Herbert Simons satisficing theory, and Peer Soelbergs confirmation hypothesis. The researchers conducted an experiment to observe the decision making process of natural dyadic groups natural being defined as a group having both a history and an expected future as a group. The researchers hypothesized that, when faced with a nonprogrammed decision making task, natural dyadic groups would utilize a decision process that conformed to Peer Soelbergs confirmation Hypothesis. That is, they would 1 search beyond the first acceptable alternative 2 reduce the number of acceptable alternatives to two prior to making a final decision 3 not compare acceptable alternatives with each other until after search had terminated and, 4 choose an earlier acceptable alternative rather than the last acceptable alternative identified during search. The results of the experiment supported Soelbergs confirmation hypothesis and also demonstrated that the decision process was not influenced by the degree of the importance of the decision to the decision makers. The results of the experiment also illuminate areas for further research in the area of group decision theory. Author
- Operations Research