Accession Number:

ADA030112

Title:

Planning and Construction of Settlement in the Far North: Defense Against Snowdrifts (Zashchita of Snezhnykh Zanosov),

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER N H

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1975-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

25.0

Abstract:

The difficulties caused by snow in settled areas in the Soviet Far North, where winter is 8-10 months long and snowdrifts of 30 m. or more are recorded, are described, and the planning of cities for maximum protection against snow is discussed. Effective control is achieved by proper site selection and planning, the erection of retention devices, and the use of mechanical snow-removal equipment. Houses at the periphery of a settlement should face 30 deg into the prevailing wind. Small settlements should be built as a row, with streets parallel to the prevailing wind and clear. Cross streets must be short. Buildings must be tall with smooth walls and a minimum perimeter. Roads outside the settlements are best built on embankments. Snow-retaining structures both inside and outside the settlements should be designed in the light of the fact that the bulk of the snow 95 moves in the 50 cm. nearest the ground. The characteristics of various permanent and temporary snow-retaining structures are outlined and diagrammed, and methods of calculating the most effective type of structure under given conditions are described. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Snow, Ice and Permafrost

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE