Accession Number:

ADA029375

Title:

Advanced Techniques in Crash Impact Protection and Emergency Egress from Air Transport Aircraft

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ADVISORY GROUP FOR AEROSPACE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE)

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1976-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

324.0

Abstract:

Analysis of all NATO member air transport accidents, 1964-1975, revealed that injuries and fatalities, when such information could be determined, were primarily due to the post-crash effects of fire, smoke and toxic fumes, and secondarily to crash impact. Future air transport design trends were reviewed, and approximately 150 advanced crash-impact and emergency-egress concepts, devices, and state-of-the-art techniques were evaluated. These included occupant restraints, smoke hoods, aisle and egress emergency lighting, passenger warning systems, escape slides and devices, heat shields, high-energy emergency egress systems, and emergency inflight egress systems. It was concluded that rear-facing passenger seats, the NASA Ames 21 G sub x 45 G sub z airline seat, and the production Sheldahl smoke hood can provide significantly improved occupant protection, while high-energy emergency egress systems appear promising for future aircraft. More research is needed to improve passenger warning and public address systems. Concepts of emergency inflight egress are not yet feasible, although technically within the state-of-the art.

Subject Categories:

  • Civilian Aircraft

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE