Petroleum - A Vital Link in National Security.
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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This study explores the effect of petroleum on the national security of the United States under possible peacetime and wartime environments of the next decade. A literature survey, using sources from computer searches, served as the research method. The national security of the United States is vitally dependent on petroleum, its major source of consumed energy, and this dependency is increasing as imports continue to rise. By 1980 Middle East sources will replace traditional Western Hemisphere sources as major suppliers of petroleum. Peacetime interruptions in oil imports can effect economic recessions as shown by a relationship between oil consumption and the Gross National Product. These interruptions would not preclude petroleum for military requirements. Under conventional war in Western Europe, the petroleum supplies for military requirements are adequate but diversion from civilian sectors may cause serious shortages. Petroleum from the United States to NATO countries for their requirements during wartime is uncertain, being related to the extent of the involvement and the success of compensatory measures affecting these environments. The United States requires a strong military capability to protect its oil import supply lines and a viable energy policy for achieving self-sufficiency in energy to enhance ecomonic and national security. Author
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science