General Description of Human Problem Solving.
AIR FORCE HUMAN RESOURCES LAB BROOKS AFB TEX
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Current theories of problem solving have no explanatory account of the processes of problem identification. Gestalt approaches to problem solving did not have this limitation a problem was seen as undergoing continual reidentification throughout the problem solving process. An analysis of problem solving is presented which extends the Gestalt work. Problem solving is defined as two simultaneous processes the generation and evaluation of alternatives that will accomplish what is needed, and the reidentification of what is needed on the basis of the experience of generating and evaluating the alternatives. This approach integrates inferential activities, long-term memory, and the management of a limited capacity operational memory into a general account of problem solving. Author