Accession Number:

ADA026922

Title:

United States Strategic Alternatives in the Middle East,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1972-02-28

Pagination or Media Count:

56.0

Abstract:

The strategic importance of the Middle East stems from two fundamental elements geography and natural resources. Middle East oil and the land and sea routes over which it is transported are of vital interest to both East and West. Since 1948, this strategically important area has been in continuous conflict, causing a significant shift in the power balance of the Middle East. American influence has declined and Soviet involvement has substantially increased in the Arab World. Western naval power is being challenged Soviet prestige is higher than ever and the unprecedented Soviet military presence threatens the entire military balance of the region. Soviet encroachment and the Arab-Israeli crisis threaten American interests. Immediate action is required to evaluate possible United States strategic alternatives which would support American interests and objectives in the Middle East. American complacency and indifference to activities in the Middle East must be replaced by an effective and dynamic strategy. Positive action must be taken to promote a fair and peaceful settlement of the Arab-Israeli crisis stop the escalation of arms to Arabs and Jews bolster Western naval power in the Mediterranean strengthen American relations with Turkey and Iran build-up NATO forces contiguous to the Mediterranean and encourage closer ties with NATO for the security of vital Western interest in the region. The balance between East and West may well depend on United States action or inaction in the Middle East. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE