Accession Number:

ADA025979

Title:

In-Flight Far-Field Measurement of Helicopter Impulsive Noise

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

ARMY AIR MOBILITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LAB MOFFETT FIELD CA

Report Date:

1976-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

15.0

Abstract:

An in-flight technique for measuring UH-1H helicopter impulsive noise sometimes called blade slap by stationkeeping with a quiet instrumented lead aircraft was found to be highly successful. Far-field quantitative acoustic waveforms and radiation patterns were easily obtained over a wide, continuous range of UH-1H flight conditions, including several areas known to produce annoying acoustic radiation. The data collected using this technique were not to any significant degree contaminated by transmission path distortions that have hindered measurement efforts in the past. The two major finding of this initial measurement program were 1 Judging the occurrence and severity of a helicopters radiated impulsive noise signature from cabin-based noise measurements can be misleading. For the UH-1H helicopter, reduction in cabin audible impulsive noise levels may constitute a necessary but certainly not sufficient to indicate that far-field impulsive noise radiation has been reduced. The following three distinct types of impulsive noise are radiated by the Un-1H helicopter while flying between 80 and 115 knots at descent rates from zero to 1000 ftmin a A series of positive pressure pulses believed to be related to blade-tip vortex interaction. These pulses are responsible for the crisp popping sound of the radiated noise b A negative pressure disturbance that rapidly increases in amplitude with forward velocity, becoming quite intense and sawtoothed in shape at 115 knots IAS and c A narrow positive pressure spike that closely follows that sawtooth-shaped negative pressure pulse at high airspeeds 115 knots.

Subject Categories:

  • Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
  • Acoustics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE