A Model for Analytic Investigation of Three-Dimensional Head-Spine Dynamics
Final rept. 1 Dec 1973-30 Nov 1975
ILLINOIS UNIV AT CHICAGO CIRCLE DEPT OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING
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A three dimensional, discrete model of the human spine, torso and head was developed for the purpose of evaluating mechanical response in pilot ejection and it was developed in sufficient generality to be applicable to other body response problems, such as occupant response in aircraft crash and arbitrary loads on the head-spine system. There are no restrictions on the distribution or direction of applied loads, so a wide variety of situations can be treated. Results are presented for a variety of conditions, such as different rates on onset, ejection at angles, effects on lumbar curvature, and eccentric head loadings. It is shown that large initial curvatures and perfectly vertical acceleration loadings result in substantial flexural response of the spine, which cause large bending moments. It is further shown that the combination of the spines low flexural stiffness, initial curvature, and mass eccentricity are such that stability cannot be maintained in a 10 g ejection without restraints or spine-torso-musculature interaction.
- Escape, Rescue and Survival