Statistical Concepts in Design
WEBB ASSOCIATES YELLOW SPRINGS OH
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In seeking a manageable way to deal with variations for a large range of body sizes, it is a common practice for designers to construct drafting board manikins, three-dimensional forms or computer simulations as human analogues. Often these analogues are based upon 5th, 50th, or 95th percentile values. Limitations of this approach are discussed in this paper which demonstrate fallacies underlying the assumptions that 1 the proportionality of various individuals is the same and 2 percentiles for body dimensions are additive. Focusing on the 5th and 95th percentile body forms where deviations in size and proportionality are most severe, the report recommends an improved approach to portray the body size of these segments of the population in design problems. A statistical analysis is made of the tails of the height-weight distribution to demonstrate the usefulness of subgroups or regression values.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations