Accession Number:

ADA025620

Title:

Time Delay Estimation. A Paper Presented at the 1976 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Descriptive Note:

Technical document,

Corporate Author:

NAVAL UNDERWATER SYSTEMS CENTER NEW LONDON CONN NEW LONDON LAB

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1976-05-17

Pagination or Media Count:

31.0

Abstract:

This document presents both the oral and written versions of a paper presented in 15 minutes on 13 April 1976 at the 1976 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics Speech, and Signal Processing, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A maximum likelihood ML estimator is derived for determining time delay between two signals observed in the presence of uncorrelated noise, under the assumptions of known signal and noise spectral characteristics. This ML estimator is derived for determining time delay between two signals observed in the presence of uncorrelated noise, under the assumptions of known signal and noise spectral characteristics. This ML estimator can be realized as a pair of receiver prefilters followed by a cross correlator. The time argument at which the correlator achieves a maximum is the delay estimate. Qualitatively, the role of the prefilters is to weight the signal passed to the correlator according to the strength of the coherence function. Other realizations of the ML processor are also discussed. The variance of a generalized correlation time delay estimator is derived when the estimate is in the neighborhood of the true delay. An example using these results is given with emphasis on the effect of erroneously specifying the frequency weighting to be employed. Limitations of the derived results are also discussed. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Acoustics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE