Development of a Model Job Performance Test for a Combat Occupational Specialty. Volume I. Test Development
HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA
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The high costs of performance tests provided the impetus for the conduct of this project. The rationale was as follows Tests are needed that are less expensive to administer and score than are job performance tests. To be useful, the less expensive tests must be validated. Since combat performance cannot be used as a criterion in validation studies, less-than-ultimate criteria are needed, namely, model performance tests. However, these performance tests should require not only that the responses elicited in testing be similar to those will be performed on the job, but also that the responses made in testing be elicited by stimuli that are similar to those that will be encountered on the job. Such a test can be constructed by the use of modules in which several tasks are imbedded, with instructions given only for performance of the first task in the module. Completion of one task then serves as the stimulus for the initiation of the next task. This approach is referred to as functionally integrated performance testing.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations