Instructional Systems Development: Conceptual Analysis and Comprehensive Bibliography
Interim rept. Sep 1975-Jan 1976
NAVAL TRAINING EQUIPMENT CENTER ORLANDO FL
Pagination or Media Count:
This report constitutes a first step in improving the state-of-the- art of instructional systems development ISD. It contains a bibliography of about 4,000 entries divided into the following sections instructional systems developmentsystems approach to training, evaluation, methodology selection, media selection, programmed instructioncomputer assisted instruction, task analysis, job analysis, task taxonomy, specific behavioral objectives, sequencing, instructor training, educational management, cost effectiveness, innovation, educational technology, human engineering, simulation, and systems analysisoperations research. This report also presents a conceptual analysis of ISD, a process which is also known as the systems approach to training SAT, systems engineering of training SET, training situation analysis TSA, and the design of instructional systems DIS. The related literature, dating from 1951 to the present, indicates the state-of-the-art to be unsettled. Over 100 ISD manuals are available which contain fundamental disagreement on the most basic aspects of course design. None of the manuals have been empirically validated. In an effort to understand the present state of affairs with respect to ISD, its history was researched. Its evolution was traced from its beginnings in systems analysis, to the systems analytic approach to training, to the proceduralized systems approach to training, which is now known as ISD. The factors which affected this evolution, the current state-of-the-art, and the major questions which remain unanswered are discussed.
- Information Science
- Humanities and History