Dynamic Response Characteristics of a Model Arch Dam.
Final rept. Jul 73-Jun 75,
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MISS
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Vibration tests were conducted on a 124-scale model of the North Fork Dam Near Auburn, Calif., a double-curvature arch dam, to determine natural frequencies, mode shapes, and hydrodynamic pressures. The mode shapes, natural frequencies, and hydrodynamic pressures were determined from tests using two-vibrators mounted on the crest of the dam. Hydrodynamic pressures at the dam-reservoir interface were also determined from tests in which the vibrator was attached to the downstream foundation of the dam. The hydrodynamic pressures calculated using Westergaards theory and a theory for arch dams developed by Perumalswami and Kar accurately predicted the measured pressure at frequencies below the first mode frequency of the dam. The differences in the two theories were insignificant. The accuracy of the Ritz analysis improved considerably as more nodes in flexible regions of the dam were loaded. However, the lowest eigenvalues were computed using the subspace iteration method. For the full reservoir, the natural frequencies decreased by 20-30 when the foundation was included in the finite element model. The difference was less when the reservoir was empty. The calculations using the subspace iteration scheme and including the foundation agreed closely with experimental mode shapes and corresponding natural frequencies.
- Civil Engineering
- Solid State Physics