Polarization Matrices and Optical Diffraction Theory.
BOLT BERANEK AND NEWMAN INC CAMBRIDGE MASS
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The research in this effort was mainly concerned with various topics in theoretical optics. Six separate areas were investigated. The first is photoelectrion counting statistics. A long review article was published in this area. Second, laser speckle patterns were studied. These speckle patterns are intrinsically statistical in nature and a knowledge of their statistical properties is of considerable interest as they often represent the limiting constraint on imaging. Third, inversion problems in optical physics were investigated. The problem concerns the subject of object restoration whereby the diffraction image and the optical system are given and are required to find the object. Optical diffraction theory in the presence of random wavefronts was investigated. Analysis was extended to the effects of random wavefronts on imaging systems by including 1 random amplitudes in addition to random phase errors, 2 an explicit time dependence of the random wavefront errors in the form of a translating frozen atmosphere, 3 temporal behavior of the transfer function. The theory of polarization was investigated and a small monograph was published.