The Influence of Intelligence, Task Ability, and Motivation on Group Performance.
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Two field studies, based on a total of 102 mess halls at two different Army posts, investigated the conditions under which leader and subordinate member intelligence affect organizational performance. The research showed that the relations between intelligence and task ability with performance are jointly moderated by the leaders directive or participative style as well as his and his members motivation to perform well. The research has implications for our understanding of participative management and for the better utilization of marginal and intellectually superior personnel.