Flight Test Investigation of the Vortex Wake Characteristics behind a Boeing 727 during Two-Segment and Normal ILS Approaches.
NATIONAL AVIATION FACILITIES EXPERIMENTAL CENTER ATLANTIC CITY N J
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A series of flight tests were performed to evaluate the vortex wake characteristics of a Boeing 727 B727-200 aircraft during conventional and two-segment ILS approaches. Twelve flights of the B727, equipped with smoke generators for vortex marking, were flown wherein its vortex wake was intentionally encountered by a Lear Jet model 23 LR-23 or a Piper Twin Comanche PA-30 and its vortex location during landing approach was measured using a system of photo-theodolites. The tests showed that at a given separation distance there were no readily apparent differences in the upsets resulting from deliberate vortex encounters during the two types of approaches. Timed mappings of the position of the landing configuration vortices showed that they tended to descend approximately 91 meters 300 feet below the flight path of the B727. The flaps of the B727 have a dominant effect on the character of the trailed wake vortex. The clean wing produces a strong, concentrated vortex. As the flaps are lowered, the vortex system becomes more diffuse. Pilot opinion and roll acceleration data indicate that 4.5 nautical miles would be a minimum separation distance at which roll control could be maintained during parallel encounters of the B727s landing configuration wake by small aircraft. This minimum separation distance is generally in scale with results determined from previous tests of other aircraft using the same roll control criteria. Author
- Civilian Aircraft
- Fluid Mechanics