A Review of Violent Monomer Polymerization: A Selected Literature Survey.
OPERATIONS RESEARCH INC SILVER SPRING MD
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In recent years, there have been a number of serious explosions involving violent monomer polymerizations. As a first step in the study of the causes and mechanisms of these violent polymerizations, a 20 years literature search was performed for twelve monomers. The monomers included in the search were acrylic acid, acrylonitrile, butadiene, 1, 3, ethylene, ethylene oxide, methyl acrylate, methyl-methacrylate, B-propiolactone, styrene, vinyl acetate vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride. This document presents the results of the literature search, annotation and data extraction work. To maximize the utility of the findings from this effort, they are organized into the four sections that follow this introduction. Section II provides basic descriptive data on each monomer, their properties, consumption and a discussion of handling hazards. Section III is a matrix presenting the properties of the monomers. These two sections will serve as inputs for the assessments by violent polymerization risk. Section IV is the annotated bibliography organized by key work for each monomer. For the risk-assessment work ahead, this bibliography will lead the user to the literature he needs. Section V is a standard listing citing all the references found in the literature search.
- Polymer Chemistry