Idiopathic Spontaneous Pneumothorax in Apparently Healthy Military Personnel
SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE MEDICINE BROOKS AFB TX BROOKS AFB
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A pneumothorax is called spontaneous when it occurs unexpectedly, suddenly or slowly. In practice the term covers almost all varieties of pneumothorax other than those resulting from trauma or surgical intervention. The term idiopathic or primary is applied only to cases occurring in apparently healthy individuals with no evidence of pulmonary disease. Idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax hereinafter referred to as S.P. is a nosographic category of practical value. In the apparently healthy individual S.P. is a comparatively rare disease, but not quite so rare as was believed in the past. The medical literature on S.P. is reviewed in regard to etiology, symptomatology, incidence, course and complications, recidivism, and treatment.