Survey Report: Navy Biological Fouling and Biodeterioration.
Research and development rept.,
NAVAL UNDERSEA CENTER SAN DIEGO CALIF
Pagination or Media Count:
Biological fouling or deterioration of Navy waterfront and ocean floor installations, ship and submarine hulls, piping systems, acoustical and optical sensors, and underwater moored systems necessitates high annual maintenance and operating costs and impairs operational capabilities. Conventional antifouling materials incorporate toxic components, which in some circumstances constitute environmental pollutants -- an additional problem. Organometallic polymers hold promise of prolonging protection in a number of applications while at the same time meeting environmental protection requirements. Fouling organisms on foreign materials recovered from the sea can provide useful intelligence information. Certain kinds of foulers might be used to protect underwater structures from borers or other deteriorating agents. For each category of Navy fouling biodeterioration problem, this report describes the scope of the problem, effect on Navy operations, and existing countermeasures, and presents recommendations. The beneficial aspects of fouling organisms are also discussed.
- Marine Engineering
- Water Pollution and Control