Accession Number:

ADA014635

Title:

Ocean Hydroclimate: Its Influence on Climate.

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis,

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CALIF

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1975-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

222.0

Abstract:

The statistical synthesis of selected oceanographic parameters Sea Surface Temperature or SST, SST anomalies, boundary heat exchanges, etc. over a specified period of time at a given place or over a given area is defined as ocean Hydroclimate. Oceanic influence on atmospheric climate is described. In particular, the oceans role within the earths hydrologic cycle and heat budget is explained through hydrospheric, lithospheric, and atmospheric interactions, as related to SST distributions, ocean currents, upwelling, sea-breezes, and monsoons. SST anomalies as a cause of short period climatic variations are examined. The deep-sea sediment record of past SST conditions is shown to indicate past effects of the ocean on climate. A previously defined numerical index describing oceanicity, a quantitative measure of the oceans effect on climate, is reviewed. An evaluation of hydroclimatic sources most useful to meteorologists was prepared and includes a categorized list and individual evaluations of 62 hydroclimatic products.

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology
  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE