Accession Number:

ADA014067

Title:

Research on Electrochemical Energy Conversion Systems

Descriptive Note:

Interim progress rept. no. 6, Apr-Oct 1974

Corporate Author:

AMERICAN UNIV WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1975-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

29.0

Abstract:

The research has involved work on two tasks a search for electrolytes alternative to phosphoric acid for direct and indirect hydrocarbon- air fuel cells, and a study of the corrosion characteristics of electrolytes for intermediate-temperature hydrocarbon-air fuel cells. The effort during this reporting period has been concentrated on the further investigation of the electrochemical behavior of trifluoromethane sulfonic acid monohydrate as a fuel cell electrolyte. The studies dealt with the use of methanol as a fuel, both from electrooxidation at a platinum electrode and from its tendency to interfere with the air electrode. Methanol dissolved in CF3SO3H.H2O was electrooxidized over a temperature range of 23C to 135C with the highest rate in the neighborhood of 80C. At temperatures above 100C vaporization losses are excessive. Methanol interferes with the air electrode. The electrochemical activities of hydrogen, propane, and air were investigated at a platinum electrode in CF3SO3H.H2O at 23C.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Electric Power Production and Distribution

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE