Turbulent Wakes in a Stratified Fluid. Part 1: Model Development, Verification, and Sensitivity to Initial Conditions
AERONAUTICAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATES OF PRINCETON INC NJ
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A computational model has been developed for the turbulent wake of a body moving through a stably stratified fluid. Details of the wake growth, collapse and generation of internal waves were examined by the application of a second-order closure approach to turbulent flow developed at A.R.A.P. over the past few years. Predictions of the model have been verified by comparison with a wide variety of wake flows including wakes with no momentum, wakes with axial momentum, wakes with angular momentum, and for wakes in both stratified and unstratified fluids. A sensitivity investigation reveals that the primary variable affecting the strength of the generated internal waves is the initial Richardson number, with the first local maximum of the vertical height of the wake scaling inversely with the 18th power of the initial Richardson number.
- Submarine Engineering
- Fluid Mechanics