Effects of Social Class Differences on Analogical Reasoning.
Rept. no. 9 (Final), 15 Apr 72-31 Dec 74,
MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLIS DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Spearmans formulation of analogical reasoning as a three-stage process apprehension of elements, eduction of relations, and eduction of correlates appears to be useful in the study of analogical reasoning. In this project, minimizing the role of element apprehension and manipulating relation eduction levels resulted in the unexpected finding of minimal effects due to social class. It is concluded that the effects of social class differences on analogical reasoning are to be found primarily in the stage of apprehending the elements.